Use an InSpec Test

30 minutes
  • 3 Learning Objectives

About this Hands-on Lab

In this hands-on lab, you are tasked with creating an InSpec testing profile and will need to change that profile to perform certain checks on the server’s file system. The InSpec tests will need to pass with no errors.

You will be provided a configured Chef Workstation with Chef InSpec pre-installed for you.

Learning Objectives

Successfully complete this lab by achieving the following learning objectives:

Log In to the Provided Server and Ensure It Is Ready

Log in to the server as cloud_user with the provided password to ensure you can login. The server has Chef Workstation already installed. When the file SERVER-READY is listed in the /home/cloud_user folder, then you can start the tasks. If the SERVER-READY file is not listed, please log out and in a few minutes, log back in to check it again.

Create and Edit Chef InSpec Test Profile

Use the appropriate commands and create an InSpec test profile called filesystem-test. Accept any licenses. Use the cd command to move the test profile.
Locate the appropriate test file used by InSpec and edit it to test read/write permissions of the /reporting folder for the user cloud_user.

Run Chef InSpec Test Profile and Check for Errors

Using the appropriate InSpec commands, run the test profile called filesystem-test and check for errors. Unless you have already created the folder called /reporting with the appropriate permissions, it is expected that your test profile, once run, will show errors. Fix the errors so that none are shown. Re run the InSpec test. Once there are no errors then the Lab is complete.

NOTE: You may need to run the InSpec command using sudo or as the root user.

Additional Resources

Chef InSpec can be used to test the state of your servers. You've been asked to verify and perform the tests. The testing profile will test the folder's existence, location, and permissions. If the permissions are not correct, or if the folder exists and is not in the expected location, error messages will be generated.

First, you will need to create a test profile. This test profile will be called filesystem-test. You will need to fix any errors and rerun your test profile. The end goal is achieved when no errors are found in the Chef InSpec test.

Additional details about the task can be found in the Lab Objectives section. You have been provided a Chef Workstation server and Chef InSpec has been installed. You will need to be the cloud_user to perform the tasks.

Once the file, SERVER_READY has been generated on the provided server you can start performing the tasks.

What are Hands-on Labs

Hands-on Labs are real environments created by industry experts to help you learn. These environments help you gain knowledge and experience, practice without compromising your system, test without risk, destroy without fear, and let you learn from your mistakes. Hands-on Labs: practice your skills before delivering in the real world.

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