In this lab scenario, Alfredo of Alfredo’s Pizza is looking to set up a website to advertise his pizza shop. We are going to help him by getting the server primed and ready to host his website. During this lab, you’ll have the opportunity to explore and understand foundational and compute services provided by AWS. We will create a virtual private cloud (VPC), subnets across multiple Availability Zones (AZs), routes and an internet gateway, and more. These services are the foundation of networking architecture inside of AWS and cover concepts such as infrastructure, design, routing, and security.
Successfully complete this lab by achieving the following learning objectives:
- Create a VPC
- Navigate to the VPC console.
- Create a VPC with the following values:
- No IPv6 CIDR block
- Default tenancy
Note: Do not use the VPC Wizard to create your VPC; instead, configure your VPC from scratch.
- Create a Public Subnet
- Build a public subnet for your VPC.
- Ensure you are assigning the valid CIDR blocks when creating your subnet.
- Create Routes and Configure Internet Gateway
- Automatically request a public IPv4 address for instances launched into the public subnet.
- Enable auto-assign public IPv4 address.
- Create internet gateway and attach to VPC.
- Create a new route table to direct traffic in the public subnet.
Note: You may notice there is already a default route table created for you associated with your main network. This route allows traffic from the 10.0.0.0/16 network to pass to other nodes within the network, but it does not allow traffic to go outside of the network, such as to the public internet. Each VPC you create by default is associated with this main route table; therefore, the main route table shouldn’t allow traffic out to the public internet, so we’ll create a new one specifically for public internet traffic.
- Launch EC2 Instance in Subnet
- Launch an EC2 instance in your subnet.
- Select Amazon Linux 2 AMI, 64-bit (x86), t2.micro.
- Create a new key pair.
- Access EC2 Instance
- Connect to your newly created instance using EC2 Instance Connect.