Creating a Backup Structure and Archiving Files

30 minutes
  • 5 Learning Objectives

About this Hands-on Lab

In this hands-on lab, you will connect to a Red Hat 8 system using SSH. Once connected, you will install the `star` archive utility using `yum`. This directory will be used to collect files for a backup archive. Once the files are connected you will create an archive using the `star` utility, add a file to the archive once it has been created and then compress the archive using `bzip2` compression. The last step will be to view the contents of the archive using the `star` utility.

Learning Objectives

Successfully complete this lab by achieving the following learning objectives:

Install the STAR Utility
  • Use the yum or dnf command to install the star package.
Create a Backup Directory and Populate It with Data to Be Archived
  • Create a directory called backups in your home directory.
  • Copy the messages and secure log files from /var/log to the backup directory, preserving their security contexts.
  • Use output redirection to send the contents of /etc/passwd and /etc/group to a file called audit.log in the backup directory.
  • Send a list of the /var/log directory contents to a file called loglist.txt in the backup directory.
Create a STAR Archive of the Backup Directory
  • Use the star command to create an archive with extended attributes and security contexts.
Add a File to the Archive and Compress the Archive
  • Add the .bashrc file to the archive.
  • Use bzip2 to compress archive, preserving the star file.
Review the Archive to Confirm Success
  • Use the star utility to review the contents of the compressed archive.

Additional Resources

SCENARIO:

You are finalizing the build out of a new server for the development team. One of the last remaining steps is to configure the system for backups. You will need to install the required software and validate the functionality by testing the process using local system files.

To complete the server build and deliver it to the development team, you will need to

  • Install the star utility.
  • Create a backup directory and populate it with data to be archived.
  • Create a star archive, preserving extended attributes and security contexts.
  • Add a file to the archive.
  • Review the contents of the archive to confirm everything was included as expected. <br>

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