Just wanted to note that AWS KMS is FIPS 140-2 compliant according to the documentation
You’re definitely right; KMS is now FIPS 140-2 Level 2 compliant, which isn’t reflected in the video with the table. This makes a pretty big difference since you don’t need to be spending $1,000~ per month just for compliance purposes with CloudHSM. There are still plenty of reasons why CloudHSM can be necessary for particular customers, but it’s important to know which service fits the need best.
Thanks for letting us know about this, I’ll pass it along to our instructor
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Thought I’d pass along this additional info:
Check out: https://csrc.nist.gov/CSRC/media/projects/cryptographic-module-validation-program/documents/security-policies/140sp3139.pdf
It goes into detail regarding the HSM, how it functions, and what components are rated at what level. It’s pretty "deep in the weeds" but also has a picture of what AWS’ HSMs look like.